Oil & Gas

The firm advises on all aspects of Libyan oil and gas law relating to the upstream and downstream sectors. The firm has and continues to advise major international exploration and production companies in the bidding and negotiation of Exploration and Production Sharing Agreements (EPSA's) with the National Oil Corporation of Libya. The firm has also advised US oil companies in negotiating and concluding their re-entry and restructuring agreements.

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Foreign Capital Investment

Since the introduction of Law No.5/1997 (Encouragement of Foreign Capital Investment) and Law No.7/2004 (Tourism Investment), the firm has advised on all aspects of Libyan investment law and has developed solid experience and expertise in structuring foreign investments, negotiating joint ventures with Libyan government entities in relation to investment projects, as well as advising on issues such as benefits and exemptions, the application procedure and drafting and reviewing project documents. The following are some of the investment projects the firm has advised on:
• Tourism complex in the City of Tripoli consisting of a five star hotel and various conference facilities;
• Manufacturing plant for the manufacture and assembly of aviation equipment;
• Acquisition and development of a major downstream concern in the oil and gas sector;
• Acquisition and development of power generation and water desalination plants;
• Operation and upgrading of potable water and wastewater facilities in the City of Tripoli;
• The establishment, operation and development of an IWPP;
• The operation of a five star hotel in the City of Tripoli; 

Construction

The firm has developed considerable expertise in advising international contractors, subcontractors, project engineers and project managers in bidding for, negotiating and executing public and private sector construction projects in Libya. In particular, the firm has considerable experience and expertise in advising on the Administrative Contracts Regulations, Public Works Contracts, cost-plus construction agreements and FIDIC contracts. The following are examples of some of the construction matters the firm has advised on:
• The construction of the new Tripoli International Airport
• The construction of the new Tripoli Third Ring Road
• The construction of a major deep water container port
• The construction of government development projects, such as infrastructure and housing units
• The construction and design of a major five star hotel in the City of Tripoli
• Project management of a certain sector of the Railways Project
• Various construction aspects of the Great Man Made River 

Corporate and Commercial 

The firm advises on all aspects of Libyan corporate and commercial law, and has developed considerable experience in advising foreign entities on the incorporation of Libyan corporations for the performance of their activities in Libya, such as joint stock joint venture companies, free zone companies, branch offices and representative offices of foreign companies. In particular, the firm's expertise focuses on providing structuring solutions to establish majority control, compliance with permitted activities and designing exit strategies as well as drafting and negotiating joint venture agreements, shareholders’ agreements and constitutional documents and documents required to be submitted by shareholders during the incorporation procedure. The firm also advises on commercial matters such as intellectual property, agency and distribution law and franchises in Libya, as well as leases for commercial and residential properties. 

Banking and Finance

The firm has kept abreast with the rapid development of the Libyan banking and finance sector since the introduction of Law No.1/2005 (Banking, Monetary Policy and Currency) and has been involved in advising on major project financings and pioneering the practice of Libyan law in that regard in line with the interests of lenders and financial institutions.
The following are some of the banking and finance matters the firm has advised on:
• Advised an international club of banks on the first limited recourse project finance in the tourism sector
• Advised an international club of banks on proposed financing of a major tourism development
• Advised a major US bank on US$200,000,000 syndicated murabaha financing facility for an international company with a presence in Libya
• Advised a major European bank on a US$20,000,000 revolving credit facility for the purchase of an oil rig
• Advised several international banks on the sale of structured financial products to Libyan sovereign entities and banks
• Advised major international banks bidding on the privatization of Sahara Bank and Wahda Bank

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Labor Law

The firm has an established labour law practice developed through advising international companies operating in Libya with major human resources requirements. The firm advises on Libyan Labour Law, Social Security Law and other relevant laws and regulations, and in particular advises on fixed term and unlimited term employment contracts, the drafting of internal employee regulations and penalties, and health and safety regulations.

Litigation

The firm represents established international companies operating in Libya before all courts and tribunals throughout Libya, international arbitral tribunals and foreign courts. The firm's litigation practice focuses on commercial disputes, particularly in the oil and gas sector, construction contracts as well as employment disputes. The firm also has a wealth of experience in international arbitration, particularly under the Rules of the International Chamber of Commerce, Paris. Recently, partners of the firm provided support as Libyan law experts in major international litigations and arbitrations such as the court cases brought before the English courts against Goldman Sachs and Societe Generale, a court case before Cayman Island court involving Libyan state entities and a fund manager and arbitrations filed by major Turkish construction companies against the State of Libya and Man-made River Authority, and other Libyan state entities such as ODAC.

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